Swampyville's Ask the Politically Correct!
What was the Spanish/American War?
Politically Correct Resolution:
At the ending of the nineteenth century the United State's was a
sovereign nation that wanted to maintain this status. It was
the internationalists that called it an "Isolationist" nation,
because it didn't want to get involved in overseas conflicts.
The Spanish/American War.
(Wikipedia used for most of this article)
The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the
United States. Revolts against Spanish rule had been endemic for
decades in Cuba and were closely watched by Americans; there had
been war scares before. By 1897–98 American public opinion grew angrier
at reports of Spanish atrocities, magnified by "yellow journalism". After
the mysterious sinking of the American battleship Maine (the Catalyst) in
Havana harbor, political pressures from the Democratic Party pushed the
government headed by President William McKinley, a Republican, into a
war McKinley had wished to avoid. Compromise proved impossible, resulting
in an ultimatum sent to Madrid, which was not accepted. First Madrid,
then Washington, formally declared war.
Although the main issue was Cuban independence, the ten-week war was
fought in both the Caribbean and the Pacific. A series of one-sided
American naval and military victories followed on all fronts, owing
to their numerical superiority in most of the battles and despite the
good performance of some of the Spanish infantry units. The outcome
was the 1898 Treaty of Paris, which was favorable to the U.S. followed
by temporary American control of Cuba and indefinite colonial authority
over Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. The defeat and subsequent
end of the Spanish Empire was a profound shock for Spain's national
psyche. The victor gained several island possessions spanning the
globe and a rancorous new debate over the wisdom of imperialism.
Thus, (the United States gained there much wanted warm water ports
to extend their World Wide influences).
American interest in Caribbean
In 1823, the Monroe Doctrine stated that further efforts by
European governments to colonize land or interfere with states
in the Americas would not be accepted by the U.S., but Spain's
colony in Cuba was exempted. In 1890 Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan
wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History, which credits the
rise of Britain to world power to the Royal Navy. Mahan’s ideas
on projecting strength through a strong navy had a powerful
worldwide influence, especially Japan. Theodore Roosevelt, later
Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President McKinley and an
aggressive supporter of a war with Spain over Cuba, was also strongly
influenced by Mahan’s conclusions. Americans had long been interested
in Cuba (and Hawaii), since several U.S. presidents offered to purchase
it from Spain (James Polk, Franklin Pierce and Ulysses S. Grant),
and others expressed their hopes of future annexation.
Historians debate how much Americans were interested in obtaining
an empire, while noting that the European powers had in recent
decades dramatically expanded their empires, especially in Africa
and Asia. The United States seized this opportunity to become
an international empire themselves.
Thus, began the "gradual transformation" of the United States from
one of isolationism to one of internationalism.
"UT HISPANICUS CADIT, SIC OMNIS TERRA"
(As Spain falls, so falls the whole world)